Faith and Treason

Faith and Treason

The Story of the Gunpowder Plot

Book - 1996
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In England, November 5 is Guy Fawkes Day, when fireworks displays commemorate the shocking moment in 1605 when government authorities uncovered a secret plan to blow up the House of Parliament - and King James I along with it. A group of English Catholics, seeking to unseat the king and reintroduce Catholicism as the state religion, daringly placed in position thirty-six barrels of gunpowder in a cellar under the Palace of Westminster. Their aim was to ignite the gunpowder at the opening of the parliamentary session. Though the charismatic Catholic Robert Catesby was the group's leader, it was the devout Guy Fawkes who emerged as its most famous member, as he was the one who was captured and who revealed under torture the names of his fellow plotters. In the aftermath of their arrests, conditions grew worse for English Catholics, as legal penalties against them were stiffened and public sentiment became rabidly intolerant." "In a narrative that reads like a gripping detective story. Antonia Fraser has untangled the web of religion, politics, and personalities that surrounded that fateful night of November 5. And in examining the lengths to which individuals will go for their faith, she finds in this long-ago event a reflection of the religion-inspired terrorism that has produced gunpowder plots of our own time.
Publisher: New York : Doubleday, c1996
Edition: 1st ed. in the U.S.A
ISBN: 9780385471893
0385471890
Branch Call Number: 942.061 F862f 1996
Characteristics: xxxv, 347 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm

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dennismmiller
Aug 01, 2018

In the early morning hours of November 5th, 1605, a man going by the name of John Johnson was arrested in a rented cellar filled with gunpowder beneath the House of Lords. Johnson, whose real name was Guido "Guy" Fawkes, was a devout Catholic and a soldier who had fought for the Spanish in Flanders. Under torture, he confessed to being part of a small conspiracy of English Catholic gentlemen who, angered by King James' refusal to grant toleration to Catholics and despairing of help from Catholic monarchs abroad, had concocted a lot to blow up Parliament with the King and most of the royal family inside, then abduct the princess Elizabeth and, by marrying her off to a suitable continental prince, reestablish the Catholic monarchy. In the hands of the British government, the Gunpowder Plot was recast as a wide-ranging conspiracy hatched by the Jesuits and implicating virtually every recusant family in England. As such, it not only became the excuse for immediate renewed persecution, but its legend became a vital part of English identity, justifying future anti-Catholic pogroms like the Popish Plot and the Gordon riots, with the result that it would not be until the nineteenth century that Catholics in England would enjoy the same rights granted to Protestants in France in the sixteenth.

At least, such is the story as Antonia Fraser convincingly tells it. The story of the Powder Treason, befitting its place in the English psyche, has been told and retold from perspectives ranging from that of King James himself in the immediate aftermath to latter day conspiracy theorists who believe that the entire plot was nothing more than a government invention. Fraser's narrative (which in the author's native land bore the subtitle "Terror and Faith in 1605") aligns with more recent experiences, notably the Reichstag fire, another seemingly real terroristic act by a desperate individual seized upon by opportunists in positions of power. Her compelling account focuses attention on the lives and motivations of the conspirators as well as the innocents caught in their web, and ends by, as the prosecutors of the conspirators boasted they had done, bringing to light deeds done in darkness, with the awareness that some of those dark deeds were done by those who fancied themselves lightbringers.

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